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Why Are Dogs Allergic To Chocolate?

Why Are Dogs Allergic To Chocolate?
Dogs are not allergic to chocolate, it is toxic to them. Chocolate contains a toxic chemical known as theobromine, which is a stimulant. Theobromine can affect the heart and nervous system, and can cause more frequent urination of your pet. Dogs (as well as cats) cannot digest this toxin as well as humans are able to.

It is the size, age and health of your pet that determines how the toxin in chocolate will cause a reaction in the animal. The type of chocolate also determines how much toxin is in the pets system, should they digest any. Milk chocolate contains the least amount of theobromine per ounce while baker’s chocolate has the largest amount of this toxin per ounce. For example: if a 15 lb. dog in good health with no age problems should eat about 2 ounces of Baker’s chocolate this could cause great risk to the pet. However if the same dog ate 2 ounces of Milk chocolate most likely this would cause some digestive problems only.

Should you suspect that your dog ate any chocolate, determine how much and of what kind and call your vet immediately. Some of the signs of chocolate toxins are diarrhea, increased urination, increased heart rate, restlessness, vomiting, hyper excitability/irritability and muscle tremors. There is not one specific antidote to the toxin in chocolate but the effects have a half life of about 18 hours. Milk Chocolate will often cause diarrhea in about 12 to 24 hours, so extra fluids should be given to prevent dehydration.

We should all try to keep chocolate away from our pets, but there are other common products in our homes that are toxic to animals as well. Cleaning products, ant baits, mice and rat poisons, and painting supplies can all poison our pets. With winter just around the corner, extreme care should be taken when checking or adding anti-freeze to our vehicles. With care and caution we can make our homes safe for all of our pets.
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By dandevarona on 9/11/2009 |
Dogs | 3736 View(s) | 0 Comment(s)
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